How is gender equality in Iran


Parinas Parhisi

To person

Dr. iur; Lecturer at the Goethe University Frankfurt / M., Consultant at the Hessian Ministry for Justice, Integration and Europe.
Email: [email protected]

The image of women's rights in Iran is often shaped by the obligation to wear a veil. This does not do justice to the complexity of the topic, since on the one hand the range of discrimination is ignored, on the other hand women - contrary to social reality - are reduced to a victim status.


In the discussions about women's rights in Islam, Iran is regarded as the model country of an Islamic legal system in which discrimination against women is a program. Quite a few involuntarily and first of all associate Iran with images of women in black full-body capes (chador). But reducing women's rights in Iran to just this does not do justice to the complexity of the topic. On the one hand, the range of discrimination against women is faded out, on the other hand, women who are considered underage wearers of headscarves are reduced to a victim status at the same time.

A perspective focused on the compulsory headscarf also ignores the development that has been taking place for years, which has removed social reality more and more from the constitution and constitutional reality. A visible expression of the internal Iranian debates are the protests on the occasion of the presidential elections in the summer of 2009, when the world witnessed how Iranian men and women struggled for civil rights and democracy. Against this background, this article aims to present the current situation, taking into account the internal Iranian debates. The rigid norms are juxtaposed with contemporary Twelve Shiite thinkers in order to inquire about the immanent possibilities for reform.