Why is Ubuntu 18 04 not released yet

Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS: 10 years of updates for professional users

Hans-Christian Dirscherl

Bionic Beaver is the name of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and Ubuntu 18.04 Server Edition. This Ubuntu version gets updates for five years by default. Professional users even get security updates for ten years.

EnlargeUbuntu 18.04 LTS gets 10 years of security updates

Update 11/19/2018: Ubuntu 18.04 LTS gets 10 years of security updates

Canonical boss Mark Shuttleworth has announced that Ubuntu 18.04 LTS will receive support and security updates for ten years: until April 2028, as reported by Zdnet. Since Ubuntu 18.04 is an LTS version (Long Term Support), it has already received updates for five years by default. But paying customers now even receive security updates for up to ten years as part of the Extended Security Maintenance ESM.

The target group and beneficiaries of the doubled support period are professional users who pay for support. Canonical is positioning itself as a competitor to Red Hat (which was recently acquired by IBM) as a system provider for companies in the server and cloud sector. For company projects that take many years to develop, developers need future security. For example, at financial service providers, telecommunications companies and IoT companies. Canonical wants to address these customers in particular with its ten-year support.

ESM support is also to be extended for Ubuntu 16.04. Shuttleworth has not yet stated the time period.

The subsequent extension of the support period for corporate users is not completely new, Canonical had already extended the support period with Ubuntu 12.04 and 14.04. Attention: Nothing will change for non-paying private users: Support for Ubuntu 18.04 LTS will remain for five years. Update end

Update 7/31/2018: Canonical has released Ubuntu 04/18/1 LTS:Download Ubuntu 18.04.1Update end

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS was released on April 26, 2018. If you are currently using Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, you can upgrade directly to the new version. If, on the other hand, Ubuntu 14.04 LTS is still installed on your computer, you must first update this version to Ubuntu 16.04 before you can upgrade to 18.04.

If, on the other hand, you want to upgrade a non-LTS version of Ubuntu to 18.04, you must first update it to the last Ubuntu version before the upcoming 18.04. For example, an Ubuntu 17.04 first on Ubuntu 17.10 and then on 18.04.

How the upgrade process works, how you push it, if Ubuntu 18.04 is not offered automatically, and what needs to be considered, we describe here using the example of the upgrade to Ubuntu 17.10.

Download:Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS

Alternative downloads: You don't want Ubuntu with a Gnome user interface, but a variant of Ubuntu with a different desktop? Then you can install Kubuntu (with KDE Desktop), Lubuntu, Ubuntu Budgie, Ubuntu Kylin, Ubuntu Mate, Ubuntu Studio and Xubuntu. Here you can find the download links for these Ubuntu variants.

Code name: Bionic Beaver

Bionic beaver - that's the name of the new version of Ubuntu Linux, i.e. Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver. Canonical founder and boss Mark Shuttleworth revealed this via blog entry as usual. In case you are now wondering what “bionic” means: “Bionics deals with the transfer of natural phenomena to technology”, as Wikipedia describes it.

This is how the Ubuntu version names are created

All versions of Ubuntu have a code name consisting of two words that both start with the same letter. The first word is always an adjective and the second is always an endangered species or a mythical being.

Here is a good overview of all of Ubuntu's code names and information about the logic behind them.

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS with 5 years of support

Ubuntu 18.04, which will be released in April 2018, will again be an LTS version. The LTS stands for “Long Term Support”. Canonical releases an LTS version every two years. Anyone who has been using Ubuntu 16.04 LTS or Ubuntu 14.04 LTS up to now can upgrade to Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.

Canonical will provide updates for Ubuntu 18.04 LTS for five years again. Anyone who installs Bionic Beaver does not have to carry out a complete operating system upgrade for five years and will receive all security updates for this long period, i.e. until 2023. In return, as a user, you have to forego one or the other innovation that Canonical introduces in the non-LTS versions from Ubuntu 18.10 onwards.

For comparison: The last two new Ubuntu versions, namely Ubuntu 17.10 Artful Aardvark ("clever aardvark") and Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus ("enthusiastic bouncy mouse") were not an LTS version. Canonical therefore only provides updates for each of these two Ubuntu versions for nine months at a time.

Ubuntu 17.10 in particular was an important release because Canonical replaced the previous, self-developed Unity desktop with an adapted Gnome 3.2. The display server Mir was again replaced by Wayland in Ubuntu 17.10 and the login manager Light DM by GDM.

Meltdown and Specter vulnerabilities, Kernel 4.15

Bionic Beaver Ubuntu 18.04 LTS will be secure against the security vulnerabilities of Meltdown and Specter right from the start. Canonical announced this. This is ensured, among other things, by the 4.15 kernel that Canonical is planning for Ubuntu 18.04.

Ubuntu 18.04 collects user data for analysis purposes

Starting with Ubuntu 18.04, Canonical wants to collect certain selected user data. This was announced by Will Cooke, Ubuntu Desktop Manager at Canonical. Canonical wants to use the collected data to better adapt Ubuntu to the needs of its users. Canonical is particularly interested in the setup details and which software the users are using.

Canonical adds a checkbox to the installation process with which you agree or disagree with “Send diagnostics information to help improve Ubuntu”. By default, the checkbox will be ticked, so you agree to the data transfer. If you do not agree, remove the checkmark.

If you agree to the data acquisition and transmission, the following data and settings will land on the Canonical servers via an encrypted https connection as soon as the newly installed Ubuntu 18.04 connects to the Internet for the first time:

* Ubuntu variant
* Ubuntu version
* Network connection or not
* CPU family
* RAM
* Size of the hard drives / SSDs
* Screen resolution
* GPU manufacturer and model
* OEM manufacturer
* Localization / geo-data
* Installation time
* Auto-login turned on or not
* Selected disc layout
* Third party software selected or not
* Will updates be downloaded or not already during installation
* LivePatch enabled or not
* Popcon will be installed; this application collects information about installed packages
* Crash reports are automatically anonymized and sent via retrieval

Canonical promises that no IP information will be collected or transmitted. Canonical wants to publish all data collected in a freely accessible manner.

If you activated the checkbox during installation, you can subsequently revoke your consent in the privacy settings of Gnome.

Authors wanted for user manual

Canonical is looking for authors to update the Ubuntu 18.04 User Guide / Manual. Interested authors can find out more here.

But no new standard theme and no new icon theme