What is the priority date for EB3

Employer-based visas

An employer-based immigrant (EB) visa allows foreign workers and investors to immigrate to the United States permanently. The Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Affairs (USCIS) issues approximately 140,000 employer-based visas to immigrant workers and investors each year.

Unlike nonimmigrant visas, employer-based immigrant visas allow the applicant to apply for legal permanent residence. Foreign nationals can apply for US citizenship after five years of residence as a legal permanent resident. Therefore, foreign workers and investors, as well as their spouses and children, may be eligible to live and work permanently in the United States if they are eligible for one of five employer-based visa categories.

The five EB visa categories are: First Priority (EB-1 Visa), Second Priority (EB-2 Visa), Third Priority (EB-3 Visa), Fourth Priority (EB-4 Visa), and Fifth priority (EB-5 visa). The turnaround time for each of these categories varies on a case-by-case basis.

The categories of employer-based visas

Visa category

Eligible employees and investors


Workers with exceptional skills


Outstanding foreign researchers or professors


Manager and CEO of multinational companies relocated to the United States


• Academics with a position in the United States
• Employees with special skills and a US job offer


• professionals
• Skilled workers
• unskilled workers


Special immigrants


Immigrant Investors

EB-1 visa

Employer-based First Priority Visas (EB-1 visas) are reserved for those who are recognized as Priority Workers. The EB-1 visas are divided into three subgroups.

  • EB-1A Visa are awarded to people with exceptional skills in the field of sport, education, business, art or science. EB-1A applicants must provide detailed evidence that they are highly valued for their services and skills.
  • EB-1B Visa are reserved for outstanding researchers and professors. EB-1B applicants must be internationally recognized and have been teaching or researching for at least three years. You must seek employment in the United States.
  • EB-1C Visa can be requested by directors or managers of multinational companies. EB-1C applicants must have been employed in a managerial or managerial capacity at the foreign parent company, branch, subsidiary or subsidiary of the prospective US employer for at least one year during the three years prior to filing the application.

There are no EB-1 visas for "Priority Workers" 28.6 percent of all employer-based visas per year. It is seldom that more EB-1 visas are applied for than the quota allows, so that there are hardly any provisions.

EB-2 visa

Second priority employer-based visas (EB-2 visas) are reserved for foreign professionals with higher academic degrees, persons with special skills and / or persons whose immigration is in the national interest.

  • Academics with a higher degree are eligible to apply for an EB-2 visa or a bachelor's degree and at least five years of professional experience.
  • People with special skills must have specialist knowledge that is well above average.
  • Foreigners who are exempted from the relevant evidence and who want to immigrate as persons of national interest, i.e. who would like to have the so-called National Interest Waiver, must prove that their immigration to the United States will benefit the economy, culture, education, or welfare of the United States because of their particular skill in the scientific, artistic, or economic fields.

Approximately 28.6 percent The employer-based visas are reserved for EB-2 visa applicants. Applications from China and India are processed with lower priority in the EB-2 category because there are too many applicants here.

EB-3 visa

Third-priority employer-based visas (EB-3 visas) are open to unskilled workers, skilled workers and professionals. The terms are defined as follows:

  • Professionals are people whose profession requires at least four years of college or university education.
  • Skilled workers are people with two years of professional training or professional experience
  • Unskilled workers are people who are employed for non-seasonal activities that require less than two years of training or work experience.

All EB-3 applicants need a US Department of Labor (PERM) work permit. As for categories EB-1 and EB-2 are 28.6 percent the employer-based visa reserved for EB-3 visas. There are significant waiting times for EB-3 applicants.

EB-4 visa

Fourth priority employer-based visas (EB-4 visas) are reserved for special immigrants. The majority of visas are issued to employees of churches and denominations. EB-4 visas are also available to broadcasters, Iraqi and Afghan translators, medical professionals, military personnel, employees of international organizations, employees of the Panama Canal Company, Iraqis supporting the United States, and retired NATO employees. Approximately 7.1 percent of all employer-based visas worldwide are reserved for EB-4 visas for special immigrants. There is little demand for EB-4 visas and the EB-4 quota is rarely used. In fact, many EB-4 visas will be re-coded to other employer-based visa categories towards the end of the budget year so that they are not lost.

EB-5 visa

Fifth Priority Employer-Based Visas (EB-3 visas) (EB-5 visas) are for foreign investors. EB-5 visa applicants must invest either $ 900,000 or $ 1.8 million in a U.S. commercial enterprise that creates at least 10 full-time jobs. The amount of investment required depends on the location of the US company to which the funds will flow. EB-5 investors have the opportunity to invest in so-called regional centers, which are appointed by the USCIS to oversee EB-5 projects. The USCIS reserves each year 10,000 visas for EB-5 applicants. Of this quota, 3,000 visas are intended for foreigners who invest in an EB-5 regional center.

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