Which thing leads to spitting
When dogs swallow things ...
Puppies in particular explore the world with their mouths. The need to chew an object can lead to the object being swallowed - and put the dog in serious danger.
Puppies in particular can swallow parts of toys if something breaks off unexpectedly. Other potentially dangerous objects can be very tempting ... for example, tampons, aluminum foil with leftover food and other things from the trash can. Unfortunately, such items often lead to intestinal occlusion and this can become a life-threatening emergency.
Common foreign bodies in dogs
The most common items swallowed are everyday items.
- Chew toys
- Corn on the cob
- Chestnuts, acorns and other tree fruits
- Hair bands and other ribbons
These are just a few of the things dogs can swallow. Whole toys or just parts of them, jewelry, coins, thumbtacks, erasers, and paper clips are also swallowed more frequently. Ribbons, woolen thread (with and without a needle), fishhooks, and string and tinsel are also dangerous foreign objects. These thread-like foreign bodies usually lead to the intestine being threaded, which then strings up like a kind of string of pearls.
For the first 2 hours after ingestion, it is very likely that the foreign body will still be in the stomach. Smaller, blunt objects can possibly be transported out again without anesthesia. A veterinarian can give your dog an injection that induces vomiting. In this way, some dangerous objects have already been removed from dogs. Vomiting should be avoided, especially with sharp objects. Endoscopic removal can be useful here.
The casing of a battery can be destroyed by stomach acid and leak inside into the stomach. This usually leads to severe poisoning. You should therefore never wait if the battery is swallowed!
As long as an object is small enough, it can be excreted through the intestine without any problems. In any case, unless you have contacted a veterinarian, look for the object in the feces.
Symptoms of a foreign body
The diagnosis can usually be made on the basis of the information provided by the pet owner if the dog has been observed to have swallowed something. Sufficient suspicion can usually be expressed on the basis of an X-ray image or an ultrasound. Sometimes the object itself can also be visible. If an object is trapped in the stomach or intestines, it can become blocked within days or weeks. If this closure is not complete, part of the feed can also be transported. A complete occlusion is a life-threatening emergency that is accompanied by painful inflation and sudden vomiting. Affected animals usually refuse any food and vomit as soon as they drink something. In the case of thread-like foreign bodies, part of the thread material can be attached between the teeth or on the tongue.
DANGER!!! Even if you can see the end of a thread-like foreign object, never pull on it!
What is the prognosis?
If the cause of an intestinal obstruction is not remedied as quickly as possible, irreparable damage can result. Sharp objects can open up the intestines. Objects that are a certain size can affect the blood flow of the intestines and lead to tissue death. These cases usually lead to severe peritonitis, which very few animals survive.
If a foreign body is recognized quickly and removed, the chances are good. The foreign body can be removed through an endoscope or surgery. It is important that any internal injuries that may be present are treated. Surgery is most successful when done before the presence of peritonitis. Dead tissue may have to be removed and a new connection between two parts of the intestine established.
Operations on the gastrointestinal tract are comparatively complex. In contrast to all other organs, bacteria are always contained in an intestine and therefore there is never a sterility in the operating area. Various precautionary measures (e.g. intravenous antibiotics, change of cutlery and gloves, etc.) are used to try to prevent contamination of the surrounding structures. However, the healing of the intestinal suture itself always takes place in the bacterially colonized area.
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