Who were the picts


These people settled in what is now Scotland in prehistoric times.Little is known of the Pict culture except that they had their entire body tattooed. Almost only picture stones have survived, but they are provided with characters and richly decorated. Place names and the patterns on their art objects and engraved stones suggest that the Pictish tribes were Celts.

Encounters between Picts and Romans

The first clashes between Romans and Picts occurred in the 1st century when the Romans conquered the British Isles up to the Forth and Clyde. Against the attacks by Pictsthe Roman emperor Hadrian had a protective wall, Hadrian's Wall, built in 142. From then on, this wall formed the northern border of the Roman Empire.
After the Romans had left the British island, the Picts took the opportunity to raid the British who had settled in the south.



Inscriptions on engraved stones suggest that the Picts spoke a Celtic dialect with. Non-Gaelic elements (for example in place names) that appear in these inscriptions from time to time are puzzling. It is believed that these indicate a pre-Celtic language. If this is true, then the Picts were not the native people of Scotland, but already a conqueror people.


The religion of the Picts was probably no different from that of other Celtic tribes. Almost certainly there were a large number of deities among the Picts, including gods of rivers, lakes, forests, mountains, or even trees or animals.
The large number of stones with engraved bulls could, for example, suggest a kind of bull cult.

It could be that the Picts made human sacrifices. Pictish stones from the later Christian period represent trees decorated with human heads. Others show people in kettles, which can be victims.

Caves or ancient stone circles and formations may have served as centers for religious cults.

The Picts are said to have brewed a fabulous beer from heather, the recipe of which they would not have disclosed to the conquerors from Norway even under torture.

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