What are specialized jobs in chemical engineering
MTA: One umbrella term - four specialist professions
The abbreviation MTA stands for medical-technical assistant. This generic term is divided into four different jobs in health care: Laboratory medicine (MTLA), radiology (MTRA), functional diagnostics (MTAF) and veterinary medicine (VMTA).
Job offers as an MTA require the ability to provide the basis for important further medical decisions. On the basis of the work of the MTA, medical diagnoses are made, therapies are ordered and scientific procedures are developed.
Necessary knowledge for job offers as MTLA
All of these jobs in the healthcare sector require a sure instinct in dealing with patients, the ability to work independently and responsibly, as well as sufficient technical understanding to be able to operate even more complex devices and apparatus.
A good basic knowledge in the fields of histology / cytology, clinical chemistry, hematology and microbiology is important for job offers as an MTA in the field of laboratory medicine:
The area of histology / cytology includes cutting tissue into wafer-thin slices after an operation, coloring it and thus preparing it for further examination.
Defective preparations have to be sorted out. Job offers as an MTLA also want the ability to distinguish meaningful samples from faulty samples, as the latter do not lead to a "correct" result.
Job offers as an MTLA also include familiarity with clinical chemistry as an important prerequisite. The focus is on the examination of the blood water. This includes all substances transported with the blood.
Automatic analyzers are used for this purpose. With them it is possible to judge whether a patient is healthy or sick. The MTLA operates these devices from the sample preparation to the release of the data and checks the data obtained in this way for plausibility.
In addition, job vacancies as an MTLA ask for expertise and experience in hematology. This is the doctrine of blood and its diseases. Hematology deals primarily with the solid blood components and is divided into the specialist areas of morphological anatomy, immunohematology and hemostaseology.
Hematology tasks also include examining the number and appearance of red and white blood cells in the blood. In addition, the antigens present in the blood are determined and genetic patterns and the blood's ability to clot are determined.
After all, job offers as an MTLA require basic insight and skills in microbiology. This subject deals with the causes of infectious diseases.
Possible pathogens are bacteria, fungi, viruses and worms. These have to be recognized correctly. In addition, their effect on the body must be determined. Methods of classic laboratory diagnostics - such as antibody detection - and molecular biology are used here.
Important specialist knowledge for job offers as an MTRA
Job offers as an MTA in the field of radiology (MTRA) require familiarity with the areas of radiological diagnostics, radiation and nuclear medicine as well as dosimetry and radiation protection.
Job offers as an MTA expect the following training and skills in detail:
In the field of radiological diagnostics, job vacancies as an MTRA primarily value an overview and experience with x-ray examinations. This includes the independent creation of X-ray images.
In addition, there is work with computer and magnetic resonance tomographs as well as the support of the radiologist with X-ray contrast agent examinations.
The prerequisite for this is an understanding of the human anatomy and the corresponding physical-technical basics. In radiological diagnostics, good cooperation between the radiographer, the patient and the radiologist is also crucial.
Job offers as an MTRA also ask for an insight into the field of radiation therapy. This is an area that is based on a high sense of responsibility.
In addition to sensitive handling of the patient, safe handling of the planning and irradiation devices required for this purpose, as well as the computer-controlled control setting systems, is essential.
Radiation therapy is primarily used to treat malignant tumors. Since this form of treatment is tedious and uncomfortable, it is particularly important that the radiographer can serve as a confidante and a sensitive contact person for the patient during this time.
The MTA bears a high degree of responsibility
In nuclear medicine, job offers as an MTRA expect in particular the safe handling of radioactive substances. In the context of nuclear medicine, the function of individual organs is determined using highly sensitive computer-aided radiation measuring devices.
The preparation of treatments for serious illnesses, such as thyroid cancer, with radioactive substances on the patient is also the responsibility of an MTRA. A very precise determination of the amount of radiation administered and extremely precise compliance with radiation protection are essential here.
After all, job offers as an MTRA require a certain understanding of the fields of dosimetry and radiation protection. A special feature of this area of responsibility of the radiographer is that it takes place practically without any patient contact.
Nevertheless, dosimetry and radiation protection are very important. This includes the radiation protection of the patient and the staff, the radiation planning, the joint inspection of the therapy devices and the implementation of quality controls in the radiological diagnostics.
A strong sense of responsibility is crucial for all of this.
Regardless of the chosen specialization and the respective place of work (clinics, medical practices, laboratories, test stations, research institutions or industrial companies), all of these jobs in the healthcare sector are based on a high degree of responsibility.
Participation in studies on cancer diseases as well as working with state-of-the-art technical equipment or the delivery of relevant data for epilepsy treatment are based on the fact that one can really rely on the person and the skills of the medical technician.
So it's no wonder that there are many MTA jobs to be found in clinics in particular. But MTA specialists also have good chances of getting a job in the pharmaceutical industry.
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