Which languages have significantly influenced Arabic?
The languages of the refugees - Arabic and Kurdish
The numerous refugees who are currently entering Europe come from a wide variety of countries - and the languages they speak are as different as their origins. In order to ensure correct communication, more and more interpreters for languages such as Farsi, Dari, Hausa or Kurdish-Sorani are sought. But some refugees also speak French, English or Italian, for example. Since we as a translation agency deal with these languages on a daily basis, we would like to shed some light on the language jungle with a four-part series.
Today we start with Arabic, Kurdish and French.
Arabic is the sixth most widely spoken language in the world with 320 million native speakers. For example, it is the official language in Egypt, Israel, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia and a minority language in many other countries. While Standard Arabic, the standardized form of Arabic, is the same in all countries, there are different dialects that color Arabic in the individual countries. For example, there is an Iraqi Arabic or a Syrian Arabic, but these are only used in oral communication. Standard Arabic is used in television and radio news or religious broadcasts.
There are also several main dialect groups in Kurdish: Kurmanji (Northern Kurdish), Sorani (Central Kurdish) and Southern Kurdish. Kurmanji is the most widely spoken Kurdish language. For example, it is spoken in Turkey, Syria, and Iraq and Iran. Sorani, on the other hand, has spread to the Kurdistan Autonomous Region and western Iran. South Kurdish, on the other hand, also occurs in western Iran and northern Iraq, but the number of speakers is very small. All three Kurdish languages also use different alphabets that were influenced by Latin or Persian, for example.
With Arabic documents it often happens that they are written in two languages - either in Arabic and English or Arabic and French. For example, French is the official language in Morocco and Tunisia, where it shares rank with Standard Arabic. English is also used in Egypt and Israel.
The decisive factor when choosing the right interpreter is therefore the city or country from which the person concerned comes. In addition, there are many other independent languages and dialects that can be found in the Arab and North African countries. As a professional translation and interpreting office, we have a large network of translators and interpreters and can always find the right language professional.
In the second part of our series we will deal with the Persian languages Dari, Farsi and Pashto.
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