How did Elvis treat black musicians

Elvis Presley

Elvis Aaron Presley (born January 8, 1935 in Tupelo, Mississippi, † August 16, 1977 in Memphis, Tennessee), often simply called "Elvis", was an American singer, musician and actor who was one of the most important representatives the rock and pop culture of the 20th century applies. Because of his success and his charisma, he is also known as the “King of Rock’n’Roll” or simply “King”. Presley is considered the most successful solo artist worldwide with probably over a billion records sold.

Biography Edit source]

Childhood and adolescence (1935–1953) Edit source]

Elvis Aaron Presley was born on January 8, 1935 in East Tupelo, Mississippi, to farm laborer Vernon Elvis Presley and textile worker Gladys Love Presley. His twin brother Jesse (Jessie) Garon was born dead. Presley's ancestors were predominantly of Western European descent: on his father's side he was descended from German or Scottish immigrants, and on his mother's side from Scottish-Irish and French ancestors; a great-great-grandmother was Cherokee.

Elvis Presley grew up as a loved and sheltered only child. Parents and son formed an unusually close family bond, social contacts took place primarily in the family and the immediate neighborhood. There was no money for expensive leisure activities, only a few people owned a radio around which one gathered in groups, mainly to listen to the country stars of the Grand Ole Opry. The Presleys often provided their own entertainment by singing gospels with friends, which their son joined as a toddler. When he was five, he was given his first guitar.

Around the same time, Presley's passion for music found further nourishment in his admiration for country musician Carvel Leehaben. Ausborn had achieved local fame as "Mississippi Slim" with its own program on the local radio station WELO. Presley was able to get his musical role model to let him sing on the talent show of his radio show and to give him guitar lessons. Secret excursions to the entertainment districts of the black population of Tupelo also aroused his fascination for the blues.

In his penultimate year at Humes High School in Memphis, Presley began to change outwardly, wearing flashy African American-style clothing and long hair with sideburns. In addition, he became increasingly enthusiastic about the gospel quartets of the Blackwood Brothers and the Statesmen. He was particularly taken with the statesmen, who stood out for their emotional singing style, a rousing stage show and the charismatic lead singer Jake Hess. Presley also went to the "All Night Gospel Singings" regularly during this time and on Sundays you could find him together with other white teenagers in the Reverend William Brewster's East Trigg Baptist Church - separate from the black parishioners - where he was lively Black Gospel listened.

The beginnings at Sun Records (1953–1955) [edit | Edit source]

Immediately after graduating from high school, Presley took a job with a small machine repair shop in Memphis. With the first salary in his pocket, his path led him in June 1953 to Sam Phillips Memphis Recording Service, a professional recording studio where every customer could record their own record for a few dollars. Studio owner Sam Phillips had settled on Union Avenue in Memphis in 1950 and also operated his record label Sun Records on the premises, under which he successfully marketed primarily black R&B musicians such as Howlin ’Wolf, B. B. King, Junior Parker and Joe Hill Louis.

On Presley's first visit to Phillips ’recording studio, he only met Phillips’ assistant, who he told him he wanted to record a record as a present for his mother. Marion Keisker was impressed by the vocal intensity of the recorded ballads "My Happiness" and "That's When Your Heartache Begins" and wrote down the name and address of the young artist.

In January 1954, Presley made his second visit to Sun. This time he met Sam Phillips and - again at his own expense - recorded two country songs ("I'll Never Stand In Your Way" / "It Wouldn't Be The Same Without You"). Phillips was also impressed and began promoting the young singer. In early July 1954, Presley's first real recording session took place with guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, who were trying to make a name for themselves with their own band - the Starlite Wranglers. During this session, the trio first tried a number of country songs without developing their own style. Only when Presley started Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup's blues number "That’s All Right Mama" during a break, but completely reinterpreted it, a new sound was born. "That’s All Right Mama" is the first rockabilly title in history, with rockabilly as a fusion of “black” rhythm & blues and “white” country, a variation of rock’n roll.

Sam Phillips rushed the recording to Dewey Phillips, who - not a relative of his - was one of the most famous disc jockeys in the southern states and, in times of racial segregation, played records of colored musicians on what was actually a "white" radio station in Memphis with great success. The listener's reactions to "That's All Right Mama" were immediate; There was a flurry of calls and telegrams from enthusiastic listeners that led Dewey Phillips to repeat the record several times on the same show in late August 1954, the single entered the regional Billboard charts, whereupon RCA Records in New York City also on the Aspiring singers and the Memphis label caught the attention of Jim Denny, managing partner of the Grand Ole Opry with contacts to Decca Records, as well as Ahmet Ertegun and Jerry Wexler from Atlantic Records.

After Presley had already reached the top of the regional Country & Western charts in Memphis with a number of his songs, he was now able to convince in the national Billboard country charts.

Elvis Presley, Scotty Moore and Bill Black had their first joint live appearance in front of a large audience on July 30, 1954 at an open air concert in Memphis ’Amphitheater Overton Park. For the first time, the audience reacted to Presley's dynamic-erotic stage performance, especially his rhythmic hip and leg movements, with unusually loud enthusiasm for the time and even tumultuous scenes. After this first resounding live success, Presley, Moore and Black began playing regularly in clubs in and around Memphis, where they quickly became an underground sensation. But Presley's appearance at the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville in early October only earned a lukewarm reaction from the older, more conservative country entertainer-minded audience. In contrast, follow-up appearances at the Louisiana Hayride in Shreveport, the more innovative rival of the "Opry", were a complete success, which resulted in a one-year contract.

At the same time, The Hillbilly Cat and the Blue Moon Boys, consisting of Scotty Moore, Bill Black and the newly added drummer D. J. Fontana, toured the southern states together with Presley. The musicians have appeared in shows with Hank Snow, Bill Haley, Johnny Cash, the Carter Family, Pat Boone and Buddy Holly, among others. On these tours, Presley increasingly stole the show not only from other young talents, but also from established country artists such as Hank Snow, and created a fan base, which soon also included the young Roy Orbison. Due to the intensive touring activity of Presley and his Blue Moon Boys, the rockabilly spread in the southern states of the USA and many musicians began to copy the style.

In November 1955, Sam Phillips gave in to the advertising of RCA Records and sold his contract with 20-year-old Elvis Presley for the then unheard-of sum of $ 40,000. This cleared the way for Presley's national and ultimately international career with a large record label.

The King of Rock’n’Roll (1956-1959) Edit source]

The first recording session, which took place in January 1956 at the RCA Studios in Nashville, brought the young artist several hits after initial doubts about his new label, including the song "Heartbreak Hotel", which in the spring of 1956 was number one in both pop and music hit the country charts and became Presley's first gold record. The first LP Elvis Presley, on which songs from the Sun era were combined with the new RCA recordings, reached number one on the Billboard LP charts just a few weeks after it was released and became the first million dollar album in the History of RCA. In addition, Elvis worked successfully for the first time with Gordon Stoker from the vocal quartet The Jordanaires, a collaboration that was to produce many hits over the next 15 years.

With the recording session in July 1956, which resulted in the hit single "Hound Dog" / "Don't Be Cruel", Presley finally took over the management of his studio recordings, which he maintained throughout his career, without ever being in any form To be called a producer. Presley's version of "Hound Dog" made music history because it was simultaneously number one in the American pop, rhythm and blues and country music charts and one of the first very successful crossover titles in the US -Chart history became. In 1957 he achieved three more crossover chart toppers with "All Shook Up", "Teddy Bear" and "Jailhouse Rock" - just a few of the highlights of a series of chart successes by Presley, which became more and more successful internationally during this time.

Between January 1956 and 1957 Presley had a number of television appearances in various variety shows, which were very popular in the USA at the time, which suddenly made him known nationally and internationally. Shows he has appeared on included the Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey Stage Show, the Milton Berle Show, the newly formed Steve Allen show, and finally the number one variety shows, the Ed Sullivan Show. During a performance with Milton Berle on June 5, 1956, where he played "Hound Dog", Presley made especially rhythmic hip and leg movements during a slower blues part in front of the microphone. A national media uproar of unprecedented proportions ensued, and Presley was branded from now on as the "personification of the rock'n'roll movement that corrupted America's teenagers." The performance was more or less clearly interpreted as a striptease on the open stage.

Parents' associations, religious groups and teacher organizations ran storm against the musician from the southern states, the heated controversy led to further TV shows tearing over "Elvis the Pelvis" ("Elvis the Pelvis"), which then, however, censored him by making him - like in one of the Ed Sullivan shows - only filmed from the waist up. The international success of Presley earned him the title of “King of Rock’n’Roll” due to his characteristic hairstyle in some English-speaking South African countries such as Kenya, Namibia and South Africa, as well as the nickname “The Singing Quiff”.

Even though the rock'n'roll music genre had existed for some time - as Presley himself confirmed - in various forms, it was above all Presley's television appearances and chart successes in 1956 and 1957 that made him the leading figure of an entire generation of teenagers be let. Presley brought rock'n'roll, which seemed to be shaking the very foundations of American society, more in the public eye. Both the music and the singer were blamed for a wide range of things that were perceived as social grievances: deviating moral and cultural values, racial mixing, juvenile delinquency and godlessness. Through one of Presley's first television appearances, the film producer Hal B. Wallis became aware of the young man from Memphis in early 1956. When looking for an up-and-coming talent who should primarily attract the younger target group to the cinema, he was enthusiastic about Presley's charismatic appearance. Screenings and negotiations that took place in the spring of 1956 quickly resulted in a contract for several films. The feature films were made between 1956 and 1958 Love Me Tender, Loving you, Jailhouse Rock - rhythm behind bars and My life is the rhythm - King Creole. Especially Jailhouse Rock is rated by film historians today as a classic of its genre, which in 2004 was included in the American National Film Registry for culturally, historically and aesthetically significant films. The central singing / dance scene with the title song by the well-known songwriting duo Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller is also considered the archetype of rock / pop video. The soundtrack EPs from Loving you, Jailhouse Rock and King Creole all three landed at number one on the corresponding charts in the USA. In 1957 Presley led the American singles charts for 21 weeks, an increase over 1956 with 18 weeks.

In parallel to film recordings, studio and soundtrack albums, Presley was on tour again and again during these years, played in front of a sold-out house and was accompanied to his performances by police escorts because of the violent reactions of his fans. In order to keep the excited audience from storming the stage after Presley's performances, the popular saying "Elvis has left the building" was created during this time.

In late 1957, Elvis Presley received his official draft notice for military service, on which he commented: "It is a duty that I intend to fulfill". Several military units made offers to use the young star for self-promotion. It was assumed that Presley, like many other celebrities before him, would at least choose the route to Special Services, where not a normal soldier life, but the more comfortable special assignment in terms of entertainment for G.I. colleagues would have been waiting for him. Despite great fears that a two-year absence from the recording, film studio and stage could have negative consequences for his career, he opted for the normal life of a soldier. His manager and the record company RCA turned the disadvantages of this decision into an advantage through targeted PR and single releases during his absence, so that the former Memphis citizens' horror was recognized by ever larger parts of the American audience.

Presley completed his basic training in the spring of 1958 at Fort Hood, Texas - he was trained for use in a tank battalion. Presley's military career has been described as successful - he demonstrated leadership skills, received multiple promotions, his service record contained a number of commendations, and he left the Army after two years with the rank of sergeant. According to various sources, he came into contact with the army for the first time with amphetamines, which were given to soldiers in order to endure longer maneuvers, among other things. In September 1959 he also met his future wife Priscilla Beaulieu at one of his parties in Goethestrasse.

Hollywood (1960–1968) Edit source]

When Presley first set foot on American soil again in early March 1960 after a year and a half of military service in Germany, the musical landscape had changed considerably. Many of his former chart comrades from the Rock’n’Roll era had not been able to maintain their streak of success. In addition, a newly grown target audience preferred the smoother pop sound of Bobby Darin or Frankie Avalon instead of hard rock'n'roll rhythms. The general development from rock'n'roll to a rocky pop sound initially opened up new artistic possibilities for Presley, because he wanted to establish himself as a singer in the long term in addition to his acting career and felt at home in a wide variety of genres.

Between 1960 and early 1969, Presley made 27 films - mostly musical comedies - and a soundtrack album was released for almost each of the films. The focus of his work in the so-called Hollywood years was on film productions and studio work. Presley's appearance on Frank Sinatra's Timex TV Show in late March 1960 was his last TV appearance until 1968, and after his benefit concert in late March 1961 at the Bloch Arena in Honolulu, he did not give concerts again until 1969.

Presley's acting career, however, developed differently in these years than he had hoped after the promising start before his army service. It quickly became clear that films that showed Presley in a dramatic role with few vocal interludes - for example the western Flaming Star (1960) and the melodrama Wild in the Country (1961) - were less successful at the box office than musical comedies in the style of Café Europa - G.I. blues and Blue Hawaii. Especially Blue Hawaii was commercially very successful and set Elvis Presley for years on the genre of teenage musical comedy, in which he mostly played a charming and above all singing sun boy at an exotic vacation spot, surrounded by many pretty girls. The soundtrack album with 14 songs - "Can't Help Falling in Love" is best known to this day - made it to number one in the album charts and was the best-selling Elvis album during his lifetime.

The close coupling of his career as a musician to a certain film genre led Presley to an artistic dead end in the mid-1960s. Although the high-quality studio albums that he released between 1960 and 1963 were well positioned in the charts and also commercially successful, they were not as successful as the soundtrack albums for music films. The soundtrack albums and the corresponding singles received significantly more attention from the respective film - their success led to more and more films, more and more soundtrack albums and, in 1964, finally to the temporary abandonment of new studio recordings.

In the mid-1960s, the musical landscape was once again in upheaval. The British invasion, led by the Beatles, had finally reached the United States. Presley was still continuously present with his songs in the charts, especially high in the adult contemporary charts, but the musical trends increasingly set different ones. Not only was 1965 the year the Beatles visited Presley at his home on Perugia Way in Los Angeles, it was also the year Elvis Presley said he'd decided to take a new turn in his career.

This decision resulted in the 1966 recording of the gospel album How Great Thou Art in Nashville, for which Elvis Presley received his first Grammy in 1967. The artistic highlight of the album is the title song, arranged by Presley himself, in which he took over all four vocal parts of the classic gospel quartet and thus documented both his vocal ambitions and his love for gospel music. During this session, Presley also recorded Bob Dylan's "Tomorrow Is a Long Time," an interpretation that Dylan said he particularly valued. Presley's musical reorientation found - despite the ongoing contractual obligation to further soundtrack albums - a continuation in August 1967 in the so-called "Guitar Man Sessions" in RCA's Studio B in Nashville, in which he played alongside Jerry Reed's songs "Guitar Man" and "Big Boss." They also recorded the gospel classic "You'll Never Walk Alone", in which he also played the piano.

In 1967/68 there were a number of other changes both privately and on a musical and business level. On May 1, 1967, Presley married Priscilla Ann Beaulieu in Las Vegas, whom he had met in Germany at the end of 1959 and with whom he had lived since the spring of 1963. The only child together, Lisa Marie Presley, was born on February 1, 1968 in Memphis. From January 1967, a contract amendment came into force between Presley and his manager, which made both business partners to a greater extent than before.

At the end of 1967, Presley's manager Colonel Parker began negotiations with NBC about Presley's first television appearance since 1960. Initially, a purely Christmas special was planned. In the spring of 1968 the plans became more concrete when, on the one hand, the sewing machine manufacturer Singer was won as a sponsor and, on the other hand, NBC proposed a young and successful team of producers for the special: Bones Howe and Steve Binder.

The close collaboration between the production team and Presley resulted in a television show that had nothing to do with a Christmas special. It offered a mix of old rock'n'roll classics like "Heartbreak Hotel", "Jailhouse Rock" and "That's All Right Mama", which Presley reinterpreted powerfully with a mature voice, ballads like "Love Me Tender", "Are." You Lonesome Tonight "and more recent songs like" Guitar Man ", which together with" Trouble "from the movie King Creole made the dynamic show opener; also "Memories" and "If I Can Dream", which were specially written for Presley for the special.

The TV special ELVIS achieved an audience share of 42 percent on December 3, 1968, the highest on an NBC show of that year. The show was received with astonishment by critics and audiences, because at the time nobody had expected that Presley would return so brilliantly as an entertainer. The success was also immediately noticeable in the charts. The album on the show reached number eight on the Billboard pop chart and also documented that Presley was back in the music business.

The concert years (1969–1977) [edit | Edit source]

The 1970s were all about live performances. Presley gave over 1,100 concerts from the summer of 1969 until his death in August 1977, of which over 800 took place at the International Hotel, now the LVH - Las Vegas Hotel & Casino, in Las Vegas. Presley's most famous concert Aloha from Hawaii he gave in January 1973 in Honolulu. It was the first concert by a solo entertainer to be broadcast live by satellite in numerous countries around the world and made him an international superstar for good.

The two concert documentaries were also released in the 1970s Elvis - That's the Way It Is (1970) and Elvis on tour (1972). In addition, Presley released a number of studio albums in which he performed rock, pop, country, gospel, blues and show numbers in Las Vegas style. During this phase of his career, he developed the image of a stage personality that is still firmly connected to his person today: the entertainer in a jumpsuit.

In January 1969, Presley decided to resume his home town of Memphis for the first time since 1955. In the meantime, in addition to the well-known R&B studio Stax, the American Sound Studio by Chips Moman had made a name for itself here. There the guitarist and songwriter Moman - he had previously worked successfully for the Stax label - produced a series of hits for a large number of foreign record labels, including artists such as Dusty Springfield and Neil Diamond.

The result of the sessions in the American Studio was an eclectic palette of Presley songs that ranged from contemporary soul to country standards - including those that used elements of rock, blues and country in such a way that they could not be assigned to any particular genre.

After the success of the TV special ELVIS (1968) the management of the newly built International Hotel Presley in Las Vegas made an offer to initiate his return to live performances there. At that time, the International had the largest event space in the city with 2000 seats. For this engagement, Presley put together a completely new band, consisting of guitarist James Burton, bassist Jerry Scheff, drummer Ronnie Tutt, rhythm guitarist John Wilkinson and pianist Larry Muhoberac, who was later replaced by Glen D. Hardin. The band that Presley himself referred to as the heart of his show is now often referred to as the "TCB band", where TCB stands for Presley's motto "Do it right, and at lightning speed". In addition, Presley hired the white male gospel quartet The Imperials and a group of black female soul singers, the Sweet Inspirations. This versatile ensemble was complemented by the in-house orchestra of the International Hotel under the direction of Bobbie Morris and later Joe Guercio as well as by the soprano Millie Kirkham, whose place was later taken by Kathy Westmoreland.

With the support of his musician friend Charlie Hodge, Presley put together a program that included a mixture of old and new Elvis hits, but also titles by other contemporary artists. The "laughing version" of the classic "Are You Lonesome Tonight", which became known in Germany only after his death, also comes from Presley's first Las Vegas engagement. Spectators at the premiere on July 31, 1969 were, in addition to many international press representatives, stars such as Cary Grant, Petula Clark, George Hamilton, Fats Domino, Shirley Bassey, Henry Mancini and Sammy Davis Jr .. Dressed in a two-piece black, on a karate gi With his ajar outfit, Presley had his audience firmly under control, not only with his songs, but also with his energetic stage show, the karate performances of which became an integral part of his appearances. The reactions from the public and the press left no doubt that the premiere and the four-week engagement that followed was an unqualified success.

Following his second Las Vegas engagement in February 1970, Elvis Presley gave six concerts at the Houston Astrodome in Texas, with which he broke audience records again and which marked the start of a touring marathon through the United States that continued until his death in August 1977 not demolished.

In June 1972, the framework for a typical Elvis Presley show of the seventies was already set. It shouldn't change significantly in the following years, even if songs were exchanged again and again. The performance of certain songs at certain points in the concert increasingly took on a ritual character. The Elvis Presley Show did not include any dance interludes or elaborate effects, but was carried entirely by Presley's personality and his performance - supported by the background musicians. Encores were usually not granted, the opening act was usually a comedian followed by interpretations of the background singers, often the soul group Sweet Inspirations. Elvis Presley's typical stage costume at this time was the jumpsuit, a tailor-made, often white one-piece with a high collar, deep V-cut, wide legs, completed by a wide belt and, between 1971 and 1973, a cape.

In the years that followed, Presley was, in addition to his engagements in Las Vegas and Lake Tahoe, almost constantly on tour through the USA, albeit in increasingly poor health. In 1977, the CBS TV special Elvis in Concert was filmed at two concerts, which was only broadcast after Presley's death and which brought his poor health to the general public for the first time. Elvis Presley gave his last concert on June 26, 1977 in the Market Square Arena in Indianapolis. On the day of his death, August 16, 1977, he wanted to go on another tour that should have started in Portland, Maine. Several concerts in Europe, including London, are said to have been planned for 1978.

Recording sessions 1970–1976 [edit | Edit source]

In 1970 Presley decided to record again in Studio B in Nashville. In five days, 34 songs were created, which appeared on four different albums between 1970 and 1972.

1971/72 Presley was back in the studio and recorded songs for the gospel album in Nashville and Hollywood, among other places He touched me on, for which he received another Grammy in 1973. In 1972, Separate Ways and Burning Love were created in the RCA studio in Hollywood, both of which reached high chart positions in the pop and adult contemporary charts.

Despite his worldwide success with Aloha From Hawaii and two top hits in the charts, 1973 was a difficult year for Presley. At the beginning of 1972 his wife Priscilla separated from him; the divorce date was due in October 1973. In addition, health problems became increasingly noticeable. Because of these conditions and time constraints, the decision was made in the summer of 1973 to record again in Memphis, at the well-known Stax studio. However, there was a lack of technical equipment, so that Presley did not finish the recordings for the time being. Before the admissions session at Stax could continue, Presley was admitted to the Baptist Memorial Hospital in Memphis in a life-threatening condition in mid-November 1973. Heart failure was initially assumed to be the diagnosis. However, it turned out that because of his back pain, Presley had undergone several weeks of treatment by a Californian doctor, during which he had been injected with high doses of cortisone and Demerol. This had not only led to a very bloated appearance and difficulty breathing, but also to addiction. In addition to the necessary detoxification, he was also treated for a megacolon, hepatitis, a potential gastric ulcer and chronic sleep disorders, from which he suffered as well as what is known as Reiter's disease.

Treatment by a number of specialists resulted in a fairly quick, if not complete, recovery and recovery period. The recording session at Stax could be continued from December 10, 1973 under technically better conditions.

In 1975 Presley was back in the studio again - this time back at RCA's Studio C in Hollywood, where he recorded a slew of tracks in March, all on the album Today were published. Today got good reviews, reached number four on the country charts and number 57 on the pop charts. Presley did his last recording session at home - in the Jungle Room, which got its name because of its unusual interior.

Diseases [edit | Edit source]

Elvis Presley suffered from a number of serious illnesses that resulted in his early death.

He was born with a genetic heart defect: one side of his heart was twice the size of the other. His mother Gladys and her father had the same defect and also died in their 40s. It was also the cause of his twin brother's death, Jesse Garon. Presley has had heart attacks at least three times in his life.

In addition to a number of other diseases such as glaucoma, chronic bowel disease, anemia and high blood pressure, Elvis Presley suffered from bone cancer that had spread throughout his body. Another source describes the disease as bone marrow cancer or leukemia.

The combination of his various diseases was also responsible for his body bloated in the last years of his life, especially the water formation caused by the congestive heart disease.

Especially in the last months of his life, Presley suffered from his illnesses, as he explained to his long-time friend Larry Geller in April 1977:Everyone thinks I'm just fat. They don't understand that it's liquid. My intestines are not working properly, my colon is over.

Death and cause of death Edit source]

Elvis Presley died on August 16, 1977 at the age of 42 on his Graceland estate in Memphis, Tennessee. With great public sympathy, the entertainer was buried next to his mother on August 18th in Forrest Hill Cemetery. After attempts had been made to steal the singer's body, the heirs received special permission to bury Elvis and Gladys Presley in the meditation garden on the Graceland estate in early October 1977.

The official cause of Presley's death in August was initially "cardiac arrythmia due to undetermined heartbeat“(Sudden cardiac death, arrhythmia). Upon completion of all examinations as part of the autopsy privately commissioned by the family members, the Shelby County Medical Examiner's office finally announced on October 21, 1977, “hypertensive heart disease with coronary artery disease as a contributing factor“Known as the cause of death. This announcement by the state coroner's office was disapproved by some pathologists at the Baptist Memorial Hospital in Memphis who had obtained additional toxicological advice. They concluded that Presley had died from polypragmasia rather than heart disease. The disagreement between pathologists at Baptist Memorial Hospital and the coroner's team led to an expert dispute and legal battle that - fueled by high media coverage - dragged on for nearly 20 years and Presley's family doctor in Memphis, Dr. George Nichopoulos, included. In 1994, the Tennessee State Health Department hired independent pathologist Dr. Joseph Davies with an official investigation into Presley's death. Dr. Davies, after reviewing all the records, came to the conclusion that medication hadn't played a role in Presley's death and, by and large, upheld the 1977 Shelby County Medical Examiner's cause of death Hirschsprung's disease and for which the entertainer had long been in treatment, was associated with sudden cardiac death.

Discography Edit source]

Studio albums Edit source]

  • 1956 Elvis Presley
  • 1956 Elvis
  • 1957 Elvis' Christmas Album
  • 1960 Elvis Is Back!
  • 1960 His hand in mine
  • 1961 Something for Everybody
  • 1962 Pot Luck
  • 1967 How Great Thou Art
  • 1969 Elvis Sings Flaming Star
  • 1969 From Elvis in Memphis
  • 1970 Let's Be Friends
  • 1970 Almost in Love
  • 1970 Back in Memphis
  • 1971 Elvis Country (I'm 10,000 Years Old)
  • 1971 Love Letters from Elvis
  • 1971 Elvis Sings the Wonderful World of Christmas
  • 1972 Elvis Now
  • 1972 He Touched Me
  • 1973 Elvis
  • 1973 Raised on Rock / For Ol 'Times Sake
  • 1974 Good Times
  • 1975 Promised Land
  • 1975 Today
  • 1976 From Elvis Presley
  • 1977 Moody Blue

Soundtracks [edit | Edit source]

  • 1957 Loving You
  • 1958 King Creole
  • 1960 G. I. Blues
  • 1961 Blue Hawaii
  • 1962 girls! Girls! Girls!
  • 1963 It Happened at the World's Fair
  • 1963 Fun in Acapulco
  • 1964 Kissin 'Cousins
  • 1964 Roustabout
  • 1965 Girl Happy
  • 1965 Harlem Holiday
  • 1965 Harum Scarum
  • 1966 Frankie and Johnny
  • 1966 Paradise, Hawaiian Style
  • 1966 California Holiday
  • 1966 spinout
  • 1967 Double Trouble
  • 1967 Clambake
  • 1968 speedway
  • 1968 Elvis - TV Special
  • 1970 That's the Way It Is
  • 1981 This Is Elvis
  • 2005 Elvis by the Presleys
  • 2007 Viva Las Vegas
  • 2010 Viva Elvis - The Album