What mental illnesses are mood disorders

What are mood disorders?

Affective disorders can manifest themselves in a depressed (depressed) or elevated (manic) mood.

Doctors use the collective term »affective disorder« to denote a group of mental illnesses in which the basic mood of a person is noticeably changed compared to the »normal state«. The mood disorders can make themselves felt through a depressed (depressive) or elevated (manic) emotional state. If manic and depressive phases alternate, there is one bipolar affective disorder.When only one emotional state is prevalent, experts speak of unipolar disorder. The best-known example of this is the unipolar depression.

Depression is the most common type of mood disorder

Affective disorders can occur acutely, chronically or in phases (episodic). Some people experience only one or a few phases in their life, others experience mood disorders frequently or persist for years. As recent surveys show, around twelve percent of all women and six percent of all men in Germany experience an affective disorder within one year1. Most often, unipolar depression is diagnosed.

1Jacobi F et al. 12-Month prevalence, comorbidity and correlates of mental disorders in Germany: The Mental Health Module of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1-MH). Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2014 Sep; 23 (3): 304-19.)